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    Department of Botany
    Established in 1968

    Head of the Department :  Dr  Santhosh Nampy


     ­  The  Department  of  Post­Graduate Studies  and  Research  in  Botany,  University  of Calicut,  Kerala,  was established  on  23​ July  1968.  The  Department  with  a  total  of  16 faculty positions  is a centre  of Post­graduate teaching and research and offers M.Sc. (Applied Plant  Science), M. Phil. (Botany) and Ph. D. (Botany, Biotechnology, Environmental Science  and  Microbiology)  programmes.  The  Department  of Botany strives  to  accomplish excellence  in  basic and  applied aspects of plant sciences by  fostering   innovative research  and   teaching  that  encompasses and  integrates  all levels  of  biological organization,  from  molecules  to ecosystems.  Teaching  and research  programs  in  the Department  cover taxonomy  as  well  as  molecular, biochemical,  cellular,  developmental, physiological,  genetical,  ecological,  and evolutionary  biology of  plants,  algae and fungi. 


    Highlights of the Department

    • The only centre for advanced studies in Angiosperm Taxonomy, Fungal Systematics and Plant Diversity in South India.

      The biggest University Botanical Garden (CUBG) in India with 5 Green Houses, Ginger House, Medicinal Plant Collection, Conservatory of RET Plants, Best Collection of Ferns.

      The largest University Herbarium (CALI) with 40,000 Specimens.

      Headquarters of the Indian Association for Angiosperm Taxonomy (IAAT)

      Publishes the journals Rheedea & Ecochronicle.

      Produced about 200 Ph.D.s, 2000 research publications, 30 research level books.

    • Objectives -
    1. To develop a good teacher-student relationship
    2. To impart value-added education to students
    3. To inspire students towards the field of research
    4. To develop into a centre of brilliance in post graduate studies
    5. To carry out M. Phil. Programme in Botany
    6. To accomplish Ph. D. Programme in the 4 major domains of research viz., Botany,   Biotechnology, Environmental Science & Microbiology
    7. To carry out M. Phil. and Ph. D. Programmes in a Nature-friendly manner

    Mission - The Department of Post-Graduate Studies and Research in Botany, University of Calicut, Kerala aims to achieve quality in research and teaching by promoting higher education and improving human resources of the educationally and economically backward Malabar region of the country. Post Graduate programme of M.Sc. Botany was restructured and modified into M.Sc. Applied Plant Science considering the vast advances taken place in the field of Plant Science. Most of the students who have completed the post graduate programme over here are now placed in academic and research institutes of high repute, both in India and abroad
     Thrust Areas
  • Angiosperm Taxonomy: Extensive studies on flowering plants of India. Floristic surveys, Revisions and Systematics of several plant families and genera. More than 80 new species were identified and reported.
  • Bioinformatics: Studies on genomics and allied fields using tools of bioinformatics.
  • Plant Biotechnology: Standardization of tissue culture protocols of several plants. Study and exploitation of clonal variations. Studies on molecular systematics.
  • Cell and Molecular Biology: Studies on chromosome imaging and karyomorphometry; cytotoxic, mutagenic, antimutagenic and anticancer activities; studies on genetic polymorphism; phytochemical analyses of plant extracts and essential oils using GC-MS and LC-MS; bioactivity studies using microbicidal and mosquito larvicidal parameters.
  • Environmental Science: Studies on ecology, plant diversity and environmental science with thrust on biofertilizers, phytoremediation and bioaccumulation.
  • Enzyme Technology: Studies on secondary metabolite production, transformation and enzyme biotechnology.
  • Fungal Diversity: Studies on mushrooms and other macro fungi. Extensive survey, documentation and systematic studies. Two new genera and more than 100 new species identified and reported.
  • Genetics and Plant Breeding : Studies on the genetics and breeding of rice, spices, aromatic plants, plantation crops, medicinal plants and ornamental gingers.
  • Plant Diversity : Studies on biodiversity and taxonomy of Pteridophytes and Bryophytes of Kerala. Presently focusing on algal and cyanobacterial research.
  • Plant Physiology and Biochemistry : Studies on the physiology of germination, dormancy and flowering. Studies on stress physiology, enzymology and eco physiology.  

     Faculty Members
    Dr.P Manimohan
    Dr. M Sabu
    Dr. John .E. Thoppil
    Dr.Santhosh Nampy
    Dr. Jose. T. Puthur
    Dr.Harilal C.C
    Dr. Yusaf  Akkara
    Dr.Sunoj Kumar
    Dr.M Shamina
    Dr. A. K. Pradeep
    Courses Offered
    Course NameIntakeDuration
    M.Sc.Applied Plant Science
    12 2 years (4 semesters)
    M.Phil Botany
    1 year (2 semesters)
    Ph.D Botany
    5 years
    Ph.D Biotechnology
    5 years
    Ph.D Environmental Science
    5 years
    Ph.D Microbiology
    5 years
    • Course Structure – CCSS Programme for M. Sc. Applied Plant Science, Semester Programmes for M. Phil. Botany and Ph. D. (Botany, Biotechnology, Environmental Science, and Microbiology) Course work.

    • Syllabi – (refer attached pdf file “MSc Applied Plant Science Syllabus 2014”)

    • Seminars/Symposia/Workshops conducted by the Department during the last 5 years





    1. Science Popularization Programme of KSCSTE.

    2. Gregor Mendel Birthday Lecture.

    3. Dr. V.V. Sivarajan Memorial Endowment Lecture.

    4. Dr. K. Unnikrishnan Memorial Endowment Lecture.



    1. National Seminar on Genetics, Breeding and Biotechnology.

    2. UGC sponsored Seminar on Forestry practices in Kerala

    with special reference to biodiversity conservation.

    3. Gregor Mendel Birthday Lecture.

    4. Dr. V.V. Sivarajan Memorial Endowment Lecture.

    5. Dr. K. Unnikrishnan Memorial Endowment Lecture.



    1. Sixth International Symposium on the family Zingiberaceae.

    2. National Seminar on Hortus malabaricus.

    3. Gregor Mendel Birthday Lecture.

    4. Dr. V.V. Sivarajan Memorial Endowment Lecture.

    5. Dr. K. Unnikrishnan Memorial Endowment Lecture.



    1. National Seminar on Forestry and Agriculture.

    2. Gregor Mendel Birthday Lecture.

    3. National Environment Awareness Campaign.

    4. Dr. V.V. Sivarajan Memorial Endowment Lecture.

    5. Dr. K. Unnikrishnan Memorial Endowment Lecture.



    1. National Workshop on Botanical Nomenclature.

    2. A National colloquium on the socio-legal aspects of Gadgil- Kasthurirangan reports on Western Ghats.

    3. Gregor Mendel Birthday Lecture.

    4. Dr. V.V. Sivarajan Memorial Endowment Lecture.

    5. Dr. K. Unnikrishnan Memorial Endowment Lecture.




    Dignitaries Visited the Department (2010­-2014) 
    1. Prof. John W. Kress, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC, USA.
    2. Prof. M. Atiqur Rahman, University of Chittagong, Bangladesh. 
    3. Dr. Jana Leong Skornickova, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Singapore. 
    4. Dr. Piyakaset Suksathan, Queen Sirikit Botanic Garden, Thailand.
    5. Dr. Axel Dalberg Poulsen, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Norway.
    6. Dr. T. Fer, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic. 
    7. Dr. Harun­Ur­Rashid, University of Chittagong, Bangladesh. 
    8. Dr. Zhao Jian Li, Tropical Botanical Garden, China. 
    9. Dr. Piyal Karunarathne, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka. 
    10. Dr. Eliska Zaveska, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic. 
    11. Dr. Yongli Fan, Tropical Botanical Garden, China. 
    12. Dr. H. Kojima, Kawasaki­City Asao­ku chiyogaoka, Japan.
    13. Mr. Datuk Seri Lim Chong Keat, Chairman, Folia Malaysian, Malaysia.
    14. Dr. M. Sanjappa, Former Director, Botanical Survey of India.
    15. Dr. Paramjeet Singh, Director, Botanical Survey of India.
    16. Prof. G.M. Nair, Dean, Central University of Kerala, Kasaragod. 
    17. Dr. K.V. Sankaran, Director, Kerala Forest Research Institute, Thrissur. 
    18. Dr. M. Anandaraj, Director, Indian Institute of Spices Research, Calicut. 
    19. Dr. M. Tamil Selvan, Additional Commissioner of Horticulture, Govt. of India.
    20. Dr.  P.N.  Ravindran,  Former  Director,  Indian  Institute  of  Spices  Research,
    21. Dr. James Jacob, Director, Rubber Research Institute of India, Kottayam.
    22. Dr. K. Nirmal Babu, Project Coordinator, AICRP on Spices, ICAR. 
    23. Prof.  R.  Rajasekharan,  Director,  Central  Institute  of  Medicinal  &  Aromatic Plants
    24. Prof. M. Vivekanandan, Bharathidasan University, Trichi. 
    25. Prof. T. Pullaiah, Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantpur, A.P. 
    26. Prof. A. Ganapathy, Bharathidasan University, Trichi. 
    27. Rev. Dr. Ignacimuthu, Former Vice Chancellor, University of Madras, Chennai.
    28. Dr. Homey Cherian, Director, Directorate of Arecanut & Spices Devpt., Calicut.
    Research Collaborations​f the Department                       
    1. The Netherlands National Herbarium 
    2. Gandhigram Rural University
    3. Indian Cardamom Research Institute 
    4. Central Coffee Research Institute
    5. UPASI Tea Research Institute 
    6. Kerala Forest Research Institute
    7. Indian Institute of Science 
    8. Delhi University 
    9. Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology 
    10. Tropical Botanical Garden & Research Institute 
    11. M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation
    Calicut University Botanical Garden (CUBG)
    Established  in  1971,  in  the  lush  green  panoramic  and  undulating  land  of  the  Calicut University  Campus,  the  Calicut University Botanical Garden (CUBG) has  developed into an excellent  centre  of  biodiversity  and  ​   ex situ  ​ conservation  of  tropical Indian flora and exotic  species.  The  garden,  was  officially inaugurated  in 1972  by  Prof.  R. E. Holttum, the  then  Director,  Singapore  Botanical  Garden  and  eminent  botanist.  The central shallow  region  is  provided  with  a  pool  and  an  octagonal  green  house and avenues  of Royal  palms  and  Oil  palms.  The  motorable  ring  road  from  the  main entrance  on  the western  side  touching the  green  house,  ginger zone, northern gate, bamboosetum  and rockery  provides  extension  to  the  arboretum  and  medicinal plant  conservatory.  Excellent collection of  aroids,  ferns,  gingers  and  medicinal plants is conserved. In 1985  the  CUBG  achieved   international  status  when  it  was recognized  by  the  International  Consortium  of  Botanic   Gardens  and  Centre  for World  Conservation  Strategy.  ​   situ Ex conservation  of  the  Rare,  Endangered  and Threatened  (RET)  plants   of  South India  is  the  major  thrust  area  of  the  garden. Financial  assistance  for  the  development  of  the garden has been obtained from Central and State Government agencies and BGCI.

     Calicut University Herbarium (CALI) 
     Internationally  approved.  Holds about 30,000 flowering plant  specimens from different parts  of  India  including  4,500  specimens  of  Pteridophytes  and  2000  specimens  of Bryophytes  from  the  Western  Ghats  of  Kerala  and  specimens  of  Algae  and  Fungi  of South  India   and  56  type  specimens.  Collections  from  other  countries  are  also represented  through  exchange  programmes  with  National  Herbarium  of  The Netherlands  (L),  Royal  Botanic  Gardens,  Kew,  England (K)  and the British  Museum of Natural History  (BM).  The Herbarium holds a complete set of specimens from (1)  Silent Valley  National  Park,  (2)  Wayanad  District,  (3)  Agasthyamala  of  Southern  Western Ghats of Kerala, (4) Pteridophytes of South India and (5) Bryophytes of Kerala.

    Indian Association of Angiosperm Taxonomy (IAAT) 
    IAAT was  established  in  1990 with its headquarters at Department of Botany, University of  Calicut  aiming  to  cultivate  and  promote  Angiosperm  Taxonomy  in  India.  The  IAAT has now  more than 500  Life  Members from all over  India.  ​  Rheedea​  official journal , the of  the  IAAT  is  being  published  since 1991.  Original research  papers  on all aspects  of Angiosperm  Taxonomy  are  published  in  this  journal.  The  Department receives  many international journals in exchange of ​ Rheedea​ . 

    IAAT Library 


    Since  the  demise  of  Prof.  (Dr.)  V.V.  Sivarajan,  the  Founder­Secretary  of  IAAT  in December  1995,  his  room  and  collection  of  botanical  literature  and  books  have  been preserved  in  his  name  as  ‘Dr.  V.V.  Sivarajan  Memorial  IAAT  Library’.  Books, monographs,  back  volumes  of  journals  on  Plant  Taxonomy,  and  Floras  are  available here.
    Interuniversity Centre for Plant Biotechnology
    The centre  was  established  in 2009  by  utilizing the  financial assistance  (Rs. 2.3 Crore) of  Government  of  Kerala.  The  centre  carries  out  PG,  Doctoral  and  Post  Doctoral research  programmes,  extension  programmes for  the benefit of  the  public  and national and international seminars. 

    Gregor Mendel Foundation (GMF)

    Founded  in  1991  to  promote  teaching  and  research  in  Biosciences,  particularly  in Genetics,  Breeding  and  Biotechnology.  Conducts  international  and  national  seminars and Gregor Mendel Birthday Lectures.
    Green Brigade 

    An eco  club comprising  both  faculty  members  and students  has been functioning in the Department since  2010.  The club is  actively involved  in  the greening of the campus by planting  native  tree  species.  It  has  established  a  butterfly  park  in  2013  and  a bamboosetum  in  2014.  The  Eco  Club  had  organized  various  environmental conservation  /  awareness  programmes  such  as  Quiz  programme  on  Environment, Trekking  programme  to   Thusharagiri,  Training  on  potting   and  planting  practices,  Eco restoration  of  selected  regions  of  the  campus  was  effected  by  planting  fruit  /  seed bearing plants.

    Calicut University Botany Alumni Association (CUBAL)

    CUBAL  is  an  association  of  former  students of  the  Department.  CUBAL meets  every year, shares experiences, gives suggestions and advices to the younger generation. All students form a part of CUBAL.


    Prof.  (Late) V.V. Sivarajan, University of Calicut 
    Prof. Philip Mathew, University of Calicut 
    Prof. Aleyamma Thomas, University of Calicut 
    Prof. M. Sivadasan, University of Calicut 
    Prof. Nabeesa Salim,  University of Calicut 
    Prof. P.V. Madhusoodanan, University of Calicut 
    Dr. K.V. Sankaran, Former Director, Kerala Forest Research Institute
    Dr. P.E. Rajasekharan, Principal Scientist, IIHR, Bangalore
    Dr. S.D. Biju, Delhi University
    Dr. V. Babu, Mississipi University

    Calicut University Botanical Society (CUBS)
    The  Department  of   Botany,  University  of  Calicut  has  a  personal  enhancement  and development  society  known  as  Calicut  University  Botanical  Society  (CUBS).  It  is involved  in  activities   such  as  career  counseling,   soft  skill  development, career­path­identification,  and  orientation  to  well­being  for  its  students.  CUBS  is  a gathering  of faculty  members,  research  fellows  and  students  of  the  Department constituted  with an aim  to  expand  the  horizons  of  knowledge  and   academic interactions.  It regularly coducts awareness programmes. A National Colloquium on the socio­legal aspects of Gadgil­Kasthurirangan reports on Western Ghats was organized by the CUBS, Department of Botany, University of Calicut during 2014. 
    Consultancy Services of the Department

    The  Department  is  managing  the  Calicut  University  Botanical  Garden  (CUBG).  It  is spread  over  an  area  of  25  acres  and  this botanical garden is  acclaimed  as  one of the best  university  botanical  gardens  in  India.  Visitors from far  and  wide  come  to  see  the botanical  garden  and  entrance  fee  is  collected  from  the  visitors,  which  is  a  major resource generation avenue for the Department.  The  excellent  herbarium  facility of the Department  is  made  use of  by  various botanists from  India and fee is collected from the visitors coming for reference purpose and this is yet another resource generation avenue for the Department.

    Extension Activities of the Department 

    ❖ Agri Flower Fruit Festival ­ 2013 (07­02­2013 to 17­02­2013) 
    ❖ Agri Flower Fruit Festival ­ 2014 (02­01­2014 to 12­01­2014) 
    ❖ Green Festival ­ 2014 (15­06­2014 to 25­06­2014)
    ❖ Agri Flower Food Book Fest (27­03­2015 to 07­04­2015)
    ❖ Botanical Garden Exhibition ­ 2011 (21­10­2011 & 22­10­2011) 
    ❖ Botanical Garden Exhibition ­ 2013 (29­11­2013 & 30­11­2013)